Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Scrophulariaceae - Snapdragon family

Description of the family

Herbs, sometimes parasitic and lacking chlorophyll, shrubs or, rarely, trees. Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, opposite or whorled, entire, toothed or variously lobed or dissected. Inflorescences various. Pedicels with 0 or 2 bracteoles. Flowers bisexual, usually zygomorphic. Calyx (3-)5-lobed, usually ± united. Corolla gamopetalous, sometimes produced into 1 or 2 spurs or sacs; limb usually 4- or 5-lobed, the lobes subequal or 2-lipped. Stamens 4, didynamous or equal, or 2 with occasionally 2 reduced to staminodes or 5 with the fifth ± rudimentary, rarely functional. Ovary superior, 2(-3)-locular. Fruit usually a capsule. Seeds small, numerous.

Worldwide: 268 genera and 5,100 species, cosmopolitan, but especially temperate areas and on tropical mountains.

Linaria purpurea

Links to cultivated genera: (3)

Cymbalaria HillDescription
Linaria L.Description, Image
Veronica L.Description

Other sources of information about Scrophulariaceae:

UK Flora: native/naturalised Scrophulariaceae page
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Scrophulariaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, 2008-18

Hyde, M.A. (2018). UK Flora: Cultivated plants: Family page: Scrophulariaceae.
http://www.ukflora.info/cult/family.php?family_id=244, retrieved 27 May 2018

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