7480.000 Linaria L. - Toadflaxes

Description of the genus

Herbs. Leaves whorled below, alternate above, narrow, sessile, entire. Flowers in terminal spikes. Calyx deeply 5-lobed. Corolla 2-lipped: tube with a basal spur; upper lip 3-lobed with a prominent basal palate; lower lip 2-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous. Ovary with many ovules in each loculus. Fruit a capsule, opening by 4-10 apical valves. Seeds winged.

Derivation of name: Linaria: flax (Linum)-like, referring to the similarity in the leaves of some species

Worldwide: c. 150 species in temperate Europe, Asia and N Africa; widely naturalised elsewhere.

Britain: 27 taxa.

Linaria vulgaris

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesSpecies codeContent
aeruginea (Gouan) Cav.
alpina (L.) Mill.
angustissima (Loisel.) Borbás
anticaria Boiss. & Reut.
arenaria DC.
arvensis (L.) Desf.
bipartita (Vent.) Willd.
caesia (Pers.) F. Dietr.
chalepensis (L.) Mill.
dalmatica (L.) Mill.
incarnata (Vent.) Spreng.
maroccana Hook. f.
micrantha (Cav.) Hoffmamms. & Link
pelisseriana (L.) Mill.
purpurea (L.) Mill.Description, Image
purpurea × repens = L. × dominii Druce
reflexa (L.) Desf.
repens (L.) Mill.
repens × supina = L. × cornubiensis Druce
saxatilis (L.) Chaz.
simplex (Willd.) DC.
spartea (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link
supina (L.) Chaz.
triphylla (L.) Mill.
viscosa (L.) Dum. Cours.
vulgaris Mill.Description, Image
vulgaris × repens = L. × sepium G.J. Allman

Other sources of information about Linaria:

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Linaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Linaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Linaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Linaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, 2008-24

Hyde, M.A. (2024). UK Flora: Genus page: Linaria.
https://www.ukflora.info/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=811, retrieved 26 February 2024

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